23 Signs of Nutrient Deficiency in The Body and Thier Soultion.

On the body, nutrient deficiency symptoms may manifest in several ways. Here is how to eat properly to treat them.

Do you feel tired all the time and fatigued when performing all those same activities you used to do before? Or is there always a constant headache that bothers you? Some small white patches that randomly appear on nails? All these small symptoms can sometimes be ignored but they are actually a sign from your body that it’s lacking some important nutrients to work efficiently. This article is all about what are the signs that our bodies show when in nutrient deficiency.

What is Nutritional Deficiency?

A nutrient deficiency is an insufficient intake of key nutrients (such as vitamins and minerals) leading in malnutrition or illness. You may think that dietary deficiencies are a past remnant that mostly affects those who travel for extended periods of time. However, it is still possible for your body to be lacking in some of the essential nutrients it needs in order to perform at its best.

Importance of Nutrients in Life.

A diet deficient in some nutrients may have significant negative effects on health, particularly over time. Nutrient deficiencies are associated with an increased risk of dementia, depression, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity, and you might be at risk even if you believe you eat properly. Calcium and vitamin D deficits may lead to osteoporosis, two diseases characterized by brittle bone. What nutrients are more important than others and which ones we must take in what quantity? learn this all in our article here.

Different parts of your body may display symptoms indicating that anything is medically problematic. Being in sync with your body’s demands and aware of these indicators of nutritional deficiency are essential to your overall health.


1. Dark Circles: Dark circles around the eyes are a common sign of malnutrition. In addition to fatigue and dehydration, dark circles may be caused by a micronutrient lack, such as a lack of iron, vitamin B12, vitamin E, or vitamin K.


2. Dry Eyes: Never solely credit eye issues to fatigue; it is one of the lesser-known nutritional shortage symptoms to watch for such as eyes may feel gritty and irritated, and vision may become blurry. It can be due to low vitamin D land Vitamin A levels and a dietary deficiency of omega-3 essential fatty acids. There are fortunately methods to alleviate and even avoid severe dry eye problems.


3. Poor Night Vision: Without vitamin A, the cornea dries, resulting in poor vision and even blindness. A dietary deficit such as vitamin A or zinc, excessive daytime sun exposure, ocular diseases such as cataracts or macular degeneration, or a medical condition such as diabetes may lead to night blindness.  Poor night vision may worsen with age.

  • Correcting this nutritional deficiency with beta-carotene, which the body turns into vitamin A, may improve night blindness.
  • Oysters are an excellent zinc source. According to research, they help vitamin A from our livers to our retinas. Vitamin A is ineffective if it can’t reach its target. Besides oysters, meats, legumes, and nuts also contain zinc.
  • Vitamin A-rich foods are often orange in color and are recommended for night vision problems such as carrots, mangoes, cantaloupes, sweet potatoes, and butternuts.

Schedule an appointment with your ophthalmologist if you detect changes in your vision. They will check the back of your eye.

  • Hairhair loss ad nutrient deficiency

4. Hair Loss: While everyone loses around 100 hairs each day, seeing clumps of hair on your pillow or in your shower drain might be an indication of a more serious condition, such as low iron levels, Vit D lack biotin deficiency, or thyroid problems, which can cause rapid, unexplained weight gain or loss. Iron insufficiency is the most prevalent nutritional deficiency in the world and is associated with hair loss. Biotin is another B vitamin associated with hair loss when deficient. It was also reported that biotin insufficiency was detected in 38% of women with hair loss complaints.

One potential indication of Vit B3 (niacin) deficiency is alopecia (hair loss), a disorder in which hair falls off in tiny areas. Check out this article for more on hair loss.


Self-diagnosing vitamin deficiency-related hair loss is dangerous. A doctor may test for vitamin deficiencies, and prescribe diet and supplements.

5. Dandruff: Dandruff may signal a deficiency in vitamin B6 and the mineral selenium. Low levels of zinc, niacin (vitamin B3), riboflavin (vitamin B2), and pyridoxine (vitamin B6) in the blood may potentially play a role. It is also accompanied by yeast overgrowth. Therefore, selenium deficiency may also increase susceptibility to fungal diseases, such as thick, discolored nails and thrush.


6. Dry Hair: A dry scalp or hair might indicate a deficiency in healthy fats in the diet. When individuals lack biotin, they experience hair loss, dry skin, dry hair with split ends, hair thinning, and hair loss. 



Lesions in and around the mouth may be partially caused by a deficiency in certain vitamins or minerals.

7. Mouth Ulcers: Oral ulcers, often known as canker sores, are frequently caused by deficiencies in iron or vitamin B 2. Patients with mouth ulcers are twice as likely to have low iron levels, according to small research.

8. Cracked Mouth Corners: Excess salivation or dehydration may develop angular cheilitis, a disorder in which the corners of the mouth crack, break, or bleed. Inadequate consumption of iron and vitamins B, especially vitamin B2.

  • Apart from taking medication, incorporate foods rich in iron including poultry, meat, fish, legumes, dark leafy greens, nuts, seeds, and whole grains.
  • Good sources of thiamine, riboflavin, and pyridoxine include whole grains, poultry, meat, fish, eggs, dairy, organ meats, legumes, green vegetables, starchy vegetables, nuts, and seeds

9. Bleeding Gums: Other than harsh brushing, Vitamin C is considered to be the cause of this condition. Vitamin C is essential for dental hygiene and general health maintenance. Long-term vitamin C insufficiency may cause bleeding gums and possibly tooth loss, as a result of inadequate dietary intake.

  • Vitamin C cannot be produced by the body, thus the only way to maintain optimum amounts is via food.
  • Consuming Vitamin C-rich foods, such as orange, lemon, kiwi, guava, strawberry, bell peppers, broccoli, sprouts, etc., might compensate for the deficiency.
  • Avoid tea, coffee, and alcohol since these all reduce B vitamins.

Skin & Nails

10. Pale Skin: A yellow-looking skin can be the cause of low iron levels in the body.

11. Keratosis Pilaris causes red or white pimples on the arms, cheeks, bottoms, and thighs. Some bumps have ingrown hair. Vitamin A and C deficiency may induce keratosis pilaris. This syndrome is prevalent in children and fades with age.

12: Red/Flushed Cheeks: Flushed, red cheeks that are not caused by alcohol or activity should not be overlooked. This symptom is often caused by selenium and magnesium deficiency.

13. Nail Color: White fingernails may indicate anemia, whereas pink or red nails may indicate malnutrition with vitamin and nutritional deficiencies. Biotin deficiency may also cause fungal nail infections and nail plate discoloration. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause brown-grey discoloration of the nails.

Beau’s lines

14: Nail Shape Changes: Nutritional deficiencies may induce many changes in the form and surface of nail plates. A central nail plate ridge may result from iron insufficiency, folic acid deficit, or protein deficiency. Beau’s lines are transverse nail depressions produced by interrupting nail growth. Researchers have linked Beau’s lines to zinc insufficiency.

15. Brittle Nail: Vitamin B7 deficiency also damages nails. Biotin deficiency causes tiredness, cramping, etc. Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to biotin deficiency concerns.

  • For nutritional deficit, eat iron-rich foods such as leafy greens, fruits, meat, eggs, and fish.
  • Having a glass of vitamin C-rich orange juice at the same time will help your body absorb iron better.
  • For selenium, incorporate Brazilian nuts, seafood, pasta. eggs, oatmeal, and red meat.
  • Pumpkin seeds, chia seeds, peanut butter, spinach, and cashew nuts are a few options for magnesium-rich foods.
  • Egg yolks, bananas, dairy products, meat, nuts, seeds, spinach, broccoli, and sweet potatoes are all food sources of vitamin B7.


16: Cracked Heels: Cracked heels may indicate a deficiency in omega-3 necessary fatty acids. Nutritional deficiencies in vitamin C, vitamin B-3, and vitamin E may lead to dry, cracked heels.

  • Fish is the finest source of omega-3 in the diet. Such as salmon, mackerel, sardines, anchovies, herring, walnuts, seaweed, and flaxseeds are examples.
  • Citrus fruits contain vitamin C and

Bone & Muscles

17. Bone Pain: A vitamin D deficiency might be the cause of any bone discomfort you’re experiencing. Symptoms of a vitamin D deficiency might be nonspecific – fatigue, bone discomfort, mood changes, and muscular pains or weakness may develop.

  • Salmon, herring, sardines, canned tuna, oysters, shrimp, and mushrooms are vitamin D-rich foods.
  • Or, pick vitamin D-fortified cow’s milk, soy milk, orange juice, oatmeal, and cereals.
  • Spend 10 minutes in the sun to get your daily vitamin D. If you’re going to be outdoors for more than 10 minutes, you should wear sunscreen. How to get Vit D from the sun? read more here.
  • For severe deficits, your doctor could recommend a vitamin D prescription.

18: Muscle Pain: Both twitching, spasming, and excruciating, burning muscular cramps might indicate a nutritional deficiency of Calcium in your diet. Usually, these symptoms are accompanied by additional indicators of vitamin insufficiency, such as fatigue or tingling in the arms, legs, or feet. Feel muscle soreness, check out this article to see how it’s caused. 

19: Cracking Joints Sounds: When you bend your knees, do they pop? Or maybe the joints in your arm often crack. If you answered yes, this is an indication of calcium insufficiency. Long-term calcium insufficiency may cause arthritis and joint popping and cracking.

  • Certainly, milk, cheese, and yogurt are calcium-rich. Also, non-dairy foods such as sardines, dark greens, and beans. 
  • Black beans are a food item that is rich in calcium.
  • Calcium supplements have been associated with a reduction in muscle pain.

20. Restless Leg Syndrome: It is a nerve disorder that makes you prone to painful and unpleasant leg sensations. It is a fairly common condition and females are more prone to develop this rather than males. It has been associated with iron and magnesium deficiency

Iron-rich foods may help alleviate the symptoms of restless leg syndrome and they include fish, legumes, nuts, cereals, dried fruits, and whole grains.

Mental/ Emotional

21. Irregular Heartbeat. Calcium deficiency can lead to having an irregular heartbeat. Calcium affects the heart’s electrical activity, controlling its beat.

  • Daily calcium intake for adults should be 1,000 mg from dietary sources and supplements.
  • Salmon and sardines (both of which are also good sources of heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids), broccoli, and Bok choy are calcium-rich foods.
  • Also, non-fat dairy such as skim milk and low-fat yogurt. Replace one sugary drink every day with an 8-ounce glass of milk.

22. Depression: Recent Harvard Medical School research has shown a strong link between a nutritional deficiency and an increased risk of depression. Vitamin B-12 and other B vitamins contribute to the production of brain chemicals that impact mood and other cognitive processes. Low levels of B-12 and other B vitamins, including B-6 and folate, and Vitamin D may be associated with depression.

23. Dizziness: Along with exhaustion and brain fog, dizziness is a frequent sign of vitamin D insufficiency and vitamin B12 deficiency.

  • Wholegrain cereals, peas, beans, lentils, nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals. Recent research shows these nutrients help manage depression.
  • Tryptophan is included in protein. According to research, it may help alleviate depression.
  • Some experts believe that the omega-3 fatty acids present in oily fish may aid in the treatment of depression.
Diagnosis of Nutritional deficiencies: nutrient deficiency

To determine whether you have nutrient deficiencies, you may choose to check your diet with your doctor. Undernutrition is characterized by weight loss, fatigue, irritability, and deficiencies in micronutrients. Overnutrition may cause weight gain, obesity, and a deficiency in key vitamins and minerals. Simple blood tests may indicate nutrients such as vitamin and mineral levels. A proper physical examination is required for detecting any changes in the body. Find a detailed review of such checkups here.

Nutritional deficiencies of all the important vitamins and minerals is stabilized int he following,

Nutrients  Nutritional deficiency 
Vitamin A  Night blindness, eczema, acne,
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) Sore lips, fatigue, swollen throat, blurred vision, and depression.
Vitamin B3(niacin) Cracked heel, dandruff, pellagra (a skin condition), and rough skin.
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid  Insomnia, fatigue, restlessness, and irritations
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) Skin roughness, scales, dandruff and itch.
Vitamin B7 (biotin) Hair loss, dry hair, brittle nails, discolored nails, fatigue and depression.
Vitamin B9 (folate) Mouth ulcers, depression, anemia, hot flashes.
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin) Dark circles, hair loss, swollen tongue, discolored brown nails, anemia, dizziness, and depression.
Vitamin C Bleeding gums, cracked heel, easy bruising, dental problems, dry hair and skin, and anemia.
Vitamin D  Dry eyes, hair loss, bone pain, osteoporosis, depression, fatigue, and dizziness.
Vitamin E Dark circles, cracked heels, eye issues, and loss of muscle control.
Vitamin K  Dark circles, easy bruising, bone pain and bleeding issues.
Selenium Flushed cheeks, dandruff, muscle weakness and pain, hair loss, fatigue, and depression.
Omega 3 fatty acids Dry eyes, cracked heels, mood swings or depression, fatigue and memory loss.
Magnesium Flushed cheeks, fatigue, nausea, restless leg syndrome, numbness and tingling in arms and feet, and irregular heart rhythm.
Zinc  Hair loss, dandruff, Beau’s line on nails, mood swings and depression.
Calcium Numb, tingling fingers, abnormal heart rhythm, muscle cramping. cracking joint issues, muscle pain and reduced bone strength.
Potassium  Muscle weakness, fatigue, irregular heartbeat, muscular cramps, heartbeat irregularity, and muscle twitches.
Iron  Dark circles, pale skin, hair loss, brittle nails, cold hands, restless leg syndrome, anemia, mouth ulcers, dry hair and fatigue.

Supplement Vs Diet for Nutrient deficiency

The first step in providing your body with the vitamins, minerals, and other essential elements it requires is to consume food. However, if you find that you have a severe nutritional deficit, you may also add supplements to your diet. Supplements may appear more convenient than changing your diet if you have discovered a nutrient deficiency. However, you should always prioritize increasing your vitamin and nutrient consumption from food. Actually, our diets aren’t always balanced, especially for women at different stages of their lifespan. So, they must go for a medical checkup for the sake of determining what nutrients they lack.

The Friedman School of Nutrition Science undertook research to determine the relationship between the usage of dietary supplements and total mortality. The findings have been published in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine. According to the results,

  • Sufficient consumption of vitamin A, vitamin K, and zinc from foods, not supplements, was linked with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease-related death.
  • The consumption of sufficient amounts of vitamin A, K, zinc, and magnesium from food, as compared to supplements, was associated with a reduced risk of mortality.
  • A high calcium consumption was connected with an increased chance of dying from cancer.

Ingesting excessive amounts of certain nutrients through supplements or fortified foods, particularly over extended periods of time, may result in detrimental health consequences. So according to Harvard, the most effective strategy to prevent or treat nutritional deficiencies is to have a balanced, nutrient-rich diet.

Avoid “doubling up” by taking just one multivitamin supplement rather than many distinct ones, since certain supplements may be supplemented with others (e.g., a vitamin C supplement with added iron). In the end, it is always recommended to consult a doctor or nutritionist if you have any concerns about your food or nutritional intake.

Our bodies are magnificent machines, and when things go wrong, to really not shut off without any warning signs. Instead, it sends signals letting us know something needs to be fixed. All you need is to be smart enough to understand those signals. Learn these indicators of nutritional deficiency so that you can recognize how your body is operating and recover more quickly if anything is wrong. These minor symptoms are treatable and may avoid long-term health issues and are the best way to Prime with Time!

Show More


Being a Doctor by profession, Aimen is passionate about helping people get better health in their lives. Aimen enjoys her research on Prime With Time subjects and strives to create better awareness of the problems and changes related to women's health.

Related Articles

Back to top button